Mapping of researchers who can be replaced by machines
Which job to choose so as not to be replaced by machines? Jobs that require abstract thinking, people engagement, and soft skills are less likely to be automated. Most at risk are jobs that can be codified or delivered online or that involve physical and muscular work.
Researchers from the London School of Economics and Political Science are working on a indicator on the degree of automation any occupation corresponds to data from the European Labor Force Survey, which contains labor market data from all European Union Member States and the United Kingdom.
“The future of work will have winners and losers. I would steer clear of accounting unless you are planning for advanced studies, and you choose STEM or economics,” say Cecily Josten and Dr. Grace Lordan, of The Inclusion Initiative in the Department of Psychological and Behavioral Sciences at the LSE. She is with Cecily Josten leading the project.
“I would avoid becoming a mason and choose a skilled trade. We also need the government to do more to enable people who cannot afford to take up these advanced qualifications, so they are not left behind. The money has to come from somewhere, so we have to look to better capture rents from job-killing technologies,” says Lordan.
Researchers say low-skill manual jobs will continue to be squeezed out over the next decade as machine operators, construction workers and loaders are replaced by machines. These are the jobs that require a lot of “muscles”.
White-collar jobs, like accountants and training specialists, who have large volumes of work that can be codified or delivered online, will also decline.
“However, in this category, those who provide bespoke or executive services will remain. Essentially, if there is value in engaging with humans or a tricky problem to solve, those jobs will survive,” the LSE project shows.
The researchers say managers of all types, such as CEOs and health and education executives, have nothing to worry about. Neither do carpenters or electricians – trades that combine creativity and physical labor.
Cecily Josten said: “Identifying the skills, abilities and activities that will be in demand is essential not only for us as individuals, but also for policy makers and companies wishing to hire and train the workforce of tomorrow. As the returns to education, for example in social or digital skills, increase, it will become relevant to know what kind of training and education is needed. »
The authors claim that jobs that are “brain-intensive,” implying that they involve abstract thinking, are much less likely to be automated. Combining the “heart” with the “brain” will make your work even more sustainable. The “core” relates to jobs that involve soft skills and are high on people engagement.
The authors also found that automation varies not only within professions, but also across countries.
“Indeed, whether the innovation is feasible or not does not automatically mean that it is implemented in a country for practical or ethical reasons. In other words, some governments seem to be doing more to protect jobs from automation than others.