Machines can’t think, or can they? – Patent

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Lately, computers seem to be able to do things once considered possible only for humans. This list has largely crossed the line where a computer could simply start with a push button or create a realistic virtual universe. Computers can now automate tasks that require human perceptual skills and cognitive skills, such as handwriting recognition, face identification, planning, reasoning from uncertain information, and learning. In other words, computers have become artificially intelligent. Advances in artificial intelligence have led to the creation of “cognitive technologies”.

What are cognitive technologies?

Technologies derived from artificial intelligence (AI), mimicking human intelligence by studying behavioral patterns and suggesting that humans take relevant actions based on its understanding are known as “cognitive technologies”. The goal behind cognitive technologies is to automate tasks, make decisions, and provide inferences that once seemed impossible without human intervention. Cognitive technologies are user-centric and attempt to save human time and effort. The fields of application of these technologies are vast and constantly expanding. Since cognitive intelligence works like a human brain, it learns from its mistakes, which makes solving open problems possible. One of the best examples of cognitive technology that everyone uses on a daily basis is a mobile assistant like Google Assistant, Siri, and Alexa. These assistants are programmed to function like human assistants, taking commands, keeping track of your choices, learning your behavior, suggesting something you might like, and even responding like a human. Another example could be a content consumption platform like Netflix or a chat platform like Quora, where all of these platforms learn from your behavior and present content that matches your tastes.

Cognitive technology can bring entirely new classes of products and services that can create new markets and generate big payoffs for inventors. The possibility of computers taking over the world shown in several movies like WarGames, I Robot, Tron, etc. is not entirely realistic, but an example of the power of cognitive intelligence. With the zettabytes of data available today, it’s only a matter of time for someone to identify a manual process that needs automation and come up with technology that can revolutionize the digital world more than it can. already is. Cognitive technology is a big step in the evolution of technology.

Cognitive computing is a useful tool when it comes to analyzing data and using that data for further research. It also gives computers a totally innovative way to look at any type of data and make sense of it. The computer can now identify whether the data provided is a set of similar images or sentences on a similar topic. This makes data management much simpler, faster and more cost effective than before. Cognitive intelligence has the ability to provide information for a particular organization that can be used to optimize workflow or investment plans, suggest strategies, or decide on a solution to a particular problem. With the growing number of connected devices managing critical data, cognitive systems are constantly threatened by data breaches, posing a challenge to their security. Developing strategies that can protect data integrity is of utmost importance to companies using these technologies. Advances in security for systems using cognitive intelligence are necessary and essential to further expand the applications of these systems.

Humans versus machines

With the advent of cognitive technology, cognitive systems could also be seen as the true word terminators leaving us humans to our jobs. These systems aim to help humans in decision-making by calculating much larger chunks of data than a human can and also ensuring that they consider the human touch when making critical decisions. Humans and machines working together will only help create value for every business. Thus, companies should start preparing their workforce to adapt to these new changes. Like any machine, software or technology, these are also subject to certain errors or bugs that can only be fixed by humans. Therefore, machines completely replacing humans are still unpredictable.

Advent of cognitive technology

In 1950, the English mathematician Alan Turing published a paper entitled “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” which opened the doors to the field today known as artificial intelligence. AI has been around ever since and has helped revolutionize the way companies do business. In today’s world, we come across at least a few articles every day about doing something new using cognitive systems like a writing assistant that helps with grammar and conciseness or driving unmanned cars over long distances. Companies like Google, Microsoft, IBM, Accenture have been developing systems that use cognitive intelligence since its inception. These companies have issued over 10,000 patents in which each patent is filed for a unique way of using cognitive intelligence and solving a new problem.

With these companies dominating the market, one might think, what are the chances of another company coming up with something new using cognitive intelligence? Well, there are countless ways to use cognitive technology and countless problems it can solve. For example, our esteemed client DIWO LLC, a US-based company, specializes in providing unique business optimization products. One of DIWO’s patented technologies, analyzes a user’s activity and identifies opportunities for optimizing the activity to increase profits and efficiency without any human assistance! The technology takes into account all possible factors that could affect a business, which would have been impossible to calculate for a human. Not only that, after identifying the opportunities, the technology even provides strategies which the user can make the most of. More importantly, DIWO’s strategies are specific to each user’s behavior, business type, competitors, and several other customizable templates.

Most advances in cognitive technology are made through programs and codes, but a program using cognitive technology can only be patented if it is incorporated into a product or software such that it is a new and valuable component of the product. A computer program by itself is not patentable under Section 3(k) of the Indian Patents Act (as amended). The importance of filing patents in the ever-changing field of technology cannot be overemphasized. At Photon Legal, we can help you maximize your patent portfolio with unparalleled intellectual property and technical excellence.

Originally published March 24, 2021

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